CCC Art – Solving the Mysteries

Solving the mystery of CCC Art and its origins sometimes happens when you least expect it.

It is an exciting research day when one of the mysteries surrounding CCC Art can be solved, especially if you weren’t looking for it.

A component of the first federal government sponsored fine art programs, the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP) included depictions of the government work programs, the most popular being the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).  Artists, who were considered roving artists, were briefly sent into camps to make a pictorial record of the life and work.

Leland Roger Gustavson (1899-1966) was one of these roving and prolific HAPPY DAYS 3/24/2934 picture of CCC/PWAP art with officials.PWAP artists. Gustavson was sent to several CCC camps during the harsh winter months of January and February 1934.

In its March 24, 1934 edition, HAPPY DAYS the unofficial national newspaper of the CCC included a front page report and photograph on the PWAP CCC art projects.

Until recently the identity of the CCC boy and the camps where Gustavson’s CCC art was created was long ago lost to history.


CCC Newspapers – A Cornucopia of Data

The Center For Research Libraries  (CRL) holds an extensive collection of CCC camp newspapers. Access to these digital and micro-form collections can be made through a CRL member library, with the New York Public Library (NYPL), for me, being the one most convenient. It was while scanning through the March 28, 1934 edition of the SURVEY from Company #256 Blue Mountain Camp in Peekskill, New York that this accidental discovery of identity was made. A small, easy to miss blurb, “CHAMP IN HAPPY DAYS”, took on more meaning with the mention of “Mr. Gustavson”.  This simple sentence provided the definitive clue as to the identity of (Raymond) “CHAMP” Withkowsky, as the CCC boy in this CCC art –  this find was a stroke of luck.

copy of CCC camp newspaper where the are of Gustavson is mentioned

Gustavson’s charcoal drawing of CCC boy Withkowski was included in the 1934Corcoran Gallery of Art PWAP art exhibit  in Washington, D.C.

Charcoal drawing of CCC Boy in Winter Equipment, 1934, by L. R. Gustavson
“Champ” Withkowsky is mentioned numerous time in editions of the SURVEY.  He was a star player for the camps baseball team and “Champ” seemed to have a place of respect within the camp hierarchy of positions – a mention is made of his love for pork chops and the work he does in the kitchen.

CCC Discharge certificate - background art L.R. Gustavsons "CCC Boy in Winter Equipment".At some point, the framed print, was allocated to the office of Robert Fechner, Director of the CCC. For a time the drawing was used as background art on CCC certificates of discharge given at the end of tours.

Which leads to the question, another mystery – When Raymond “Champ” Withkowsky returned to Troy, New York after his June 1934 discharge he would have been given a certificate for his tour of service with the Civilian Conservation Corps . . .

Did his certificate feature the background art of Leland R. Gustavson C.C.C. Boy in Winter Equipment, a memorable image of himself?

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